INDIAN RESIDENTIAL, DAY,
AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS

Federally Recognized Indian Residential Schools in Anishinabek Territory

1.  St. Joseph’s Indian Residential School

Dates of operation:                     1885-01-01 – 1970-06-30
Religious Affiliation:                  Roman Catholic
Location:                                  Fort William First Nation, Ontario
Caretaker FNs:                         Mission

Other names the school was known by:

Immaculate Conception Orphan Asylum
St. Joseph Convent Orphanage School St. Joseph’s Indian Home
Fort William Orphanage Boarding School St. Joseph’s Home
St. Joseph’s Orphanage
St. Joseph’s Indian Industrial School Fort William Orphanage
Fort William Indian Boarding School St. Joseph’s Residential School
Fort William Indian Residential School St. Joseph’s Boarding School

Cited from: NCTR St. Joseph’s (Fort William) IRS School Narratives

2. Mount Elgin Indian Residential School

Dates of operation:                    1867-01-01 – 1946-06-30
Religious Affiliation:                  Methodist United Church
Location:                                  Munceytown, Ontario
Caretaker FNs:                         Chippewas of the Thames First Nation

Industrial School:                      Mount Elgin Industrial School 1851-1858

Other names the school was known by:

Mount Elgin Indian Institution or School
Mount Elgin Industrial and Training School
Mount Elgin Industrial Farm (and Institution)
Mount Elgin Industrial Institute or Institution or School
Mount Elgin Institute and School
Mount Elgin Residential School
Mount Elgin Indian Residential School
Muncey Indian or Industrial Institute
Muncey Institution 

Cited from: NCTR Mount Elgin Indian Residential School, School Narratives

3.  Shingwauk Indian Residential School and Wawanosh Home

Dates of operation:                    1878-01-01 – 1970-06-30
Religious Affiliation:                  Anglican
Location:                                  Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
Caretaker FNs:                         Garden River First Nation

Other names the school was known by:

Shingwauk Home
Shingwauk Hall
Shingwauk Hostel
Shingwauk House
Shingwauk School
Shingwauk Anglican Indian Residential School
Shingwauk Indian Residential School
Shingwauk Industrial Residential School
Shingwauk Hall Residential School
Shingwauk Student Residence
Shingwauk Hall Student Residence

The Wawanosh Home was located on a 15-acre site, five kilometers northwest of the Shingwauk Indian Residential School, just north of Sault Ste. Marie. By 1893, the Wawanosh Home was amalgamated with the Shingwauk Indian Residential School.

Cited from: NCTR Shingwauk IRS, School Narratives & NCTR Wawanosh Home IAP School Narrative

4.  Spanish Girls School (St. Joseph’s School)

Dates of operation:                      1868-03-24 – 1962-06-30
Religious Affiliation:                  Roman Catholic
Location:                                  Spanish, Ontario
Caretaker FNs:                         Sagamok Anishnawbek First Nation, Mississauga #8

                                                      First Nation, Serpent River First Nation

Other names the school was known by:

Wikwemikong Industrial School
Wikwemikong School
Wikwemikong Industrial School, Boys’ Department Wikwemikong Industrial School, Girls’ Department
Spanish Indian Residential School
Spanish River Industrial School
Spanish Industrial School
Spanish Indian Residential School for Boys Spanish Residential Boys’ School
Spanish Indian Residential School for Girls Spanish School for Girls, St. Joseph
St. Joseph’s Residential School
St. Joseph‘s Convent
St. Joe’s

Cited from: NCTR Spanish IRS, School Narratives

5.  Spanish Boys School (St. Peter Claver School)

Dates:                                      1868-03-24 – 1962-06-30
Religious Affiliation:                  Jesuit
Location:                                  Spanish, Ontario
Caretaker FNs:                         Sagamok Anishnawbek First Nation, Mississauga #8 First Nation,

                                                    Serpent River First Nation

Other names the school was known by:

Wikwemikong Industrial School
Wikwemikong School
Wikwemikong Industrial School, Boys’ Department Wikwemikong Industrial School,
Spanish Indian Residential School
Spanish River Industrial School
Spanish Industrial School
Spanish Indian Residential School for Boys Spanish Residential Boys’ School
Religious Names for Boys’ School Before 1947*: St. Peter Claver Indian Industrial School
St. Peter Claver Indian School
St. Peter Claver School
St. Peter’s Boys’ School
S.P.C.
Religious Names for Boys’ School After 1947*:
St. Charles Garnier Residential School Garnier Residential School
Garnier Residential School for Indian Boys Garnier Indian Residential School
“The College”
Garnier College
Garnier School or Garnier High School G.R.
St. Joseph’s Residential School
St. Joseph‘s Convent
St. Joe’s

Cited from: NCTR Spanish IRS, School Narratives