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The following educational resources provide further information about Indian residential schools.  The Union of Ontario Indians makes no warrant on the content of the resources and provides them for information purposes only.



  • Bays, Eric.  Indian Residential Schools: Another Picture.  Ottawa, ON: Baico Publishing, 2009.
  • Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Shin-chi’s Canoe. Toronto, ON: Groundwood/House of Anansi, 2008.
  • Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Shi-shi-etko. Toronto, ON: Groundwood/House of Anansi, 2005.
  • Dupuis, J. and Kacer, K. I Am Not a Number. Toronto: Second Story Press, 2016
  • Kusugak, Michael Arvaarluk. Arctic Stories. Illustrated by Vladyana Langer Krykorka. Toronto, ON: Annick Press Ltd., 1998.
  • Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. A Stranger at Home. Toronto, ON: Annick Press, 2011.
  • Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Fatty Legs. Toronto, ON: Annick Press, 2010.
  • Loyie, Larry. As Long As The Rivers Flow, illustrations by Constance Brissenden. Toronto, ON: Groundwood Books, 2002.
  • Olsen, Sylvia, Rita Morris, and Ann Sam. No Time to Say Goodbye: Children’s Stories of Kuper Island Residential School. Winlow, BC: Sono Nis Press, 2001.
  • Sterling, Shirley. My Name is Seepeetza. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 1993.
  • Hill, Gord. 500 Years of Resistance Comic Book. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2010.
  • Loyie, Larry, with illustrations by Constance Brissenden. Goodbye Buffalo Bay. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 2009.


  • Adams, Howard. Prisons of Grass. Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House Publishers, Revised Edition, 1989.
  • Akiwenzie-Damm, Kateri and Josie Douglas, eds. Skins: Contemporary Indigenous Writing. Wiarton, ON: Kegedonce Press and Alice Springs: Jukurrpa Books, 2000.
  • Alexie, Robert Arthur. Porcupines and China Dolls. Don Mills, ON: Stoddart, 2009.
  • Armstong, Jeannette. Slash, Revised. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 2007.
  • Blue Cloud, Peter. “Weaver Spider’s Web.” In All My Relations: An Anthology of Contemporary Canadian Native Fiction, ed. Thomas King. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart, 1990.
  • Boyden, Joseph. Born With a Tooth. Toronto, ON: Cormorant Books, 2009.
  • Barman, Jean and Jan Hare. Good Intentions Gone Awry: Emma Crosby and the Methodist Mission on the Northwest Coast. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press, 2007.
  • Battiste, Marie and Jean Barman, eds. First Nations Education in Canada: The Circle Unfolds. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press, 1995.
  • Chrisjohn, Roland and Sherri Young. The Circle Game: Shadows and Substance in the Indian Residential School Experience. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 1997.
  • Crey, Ernie and Suzanne Fournier. Stolen From Our Embrace: Abduction of First Nation Children and the Restoration of Aboriginal Communities. Toronto, ON: Douglas & McIntyre, 1997.
  • Churchill, Ward.  Kill the Indian, Save the Man. San Francisco, CA: City Lights Publishers, 2004.
  • Deiter, Constance. From Our Mothers’ Arms: The Intergenerational Impact of Residential Schools in Saskatchewan. Toronto, ON: United Church Publishing House, 1999.
  • Dickason, Olive Patricia. Canada’s First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples From Earliest Times. Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 1992.
  • Dyck, Noel. Differing Visions: Administering Indian Residential Schooling in Prince Albert, 1867–1967. Hubbards: Fernwood Publishing, 1997.
  • Furniss, Elizabeth. Victims of Benevolence: The Dark Legacy of the Williams Lake Residential School. Vancouver, BC: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1995.
  • Gedalof, Robin, ed. Paper Stays Put: A Collection of Inuit Writing. Edmonton, AB: Hurtig Publishers, 1980.
  • Glavin, Terry and former students of St. Mary’s. Amongst God’s Own: The Enduring Legacy of St. Mary’s Mission. Mission, BC: Longhouse Publishing, 2002.
  • Graham, Elizabeth. The Mush Hole: Life at Two Indian Residential Schools. Waterloo, ON: Heffle Publishing, 1997.
  • Grant, Agnes. Finding My Talk: How Fourteen Canadian Native Women Reclaimed their Lives after Residential School. Markham, ON: Fifth House Books, 2004.
  • Grant, Agnes. No End of Grief: Indian Residential Schools in Canada. Winnipeg, MB: Pemmican, 1996.
  • Haig-Brown. Resistance and Renewal: Surviving the Indian Residential School. Vancouver, BC: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1988.
  • Ipellie, Alootook. Arctic Dreams and Nightmares. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 1993.
  • Jack, Agnes. Behind Closed Doors: Stories from the Kamloops Indian Residential School. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 2006.
  • Jaine, Linda. Residential Schools: The Stolen Years. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan, University Extension Press, 1993.
  • Joe, Rita with Lynn Henry. Song of Rita Joe: Autobiography of a Mi’kmaq Poet. Charlottetown, PE: Ragweed Press, 1996.
  • Johnston, Basil H. Indian School Days. Toronto, ON: Key Porter Books, 1988.
  • Kennedy, Dan. Recollections of an Assiniboine Chief. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart, 1972.
  • Knockwood, Isabelle. Out of the Depths: The Experiences of Mi’kmaw Children at the Indian Residential School at Shubenacadie, N.S. Hubbards, NS: Roseway Publishing, 1994.
  • Lawrence, Mary. My People, Myself. Halfmoon Bay, BC: Caitlin Press, 1996.
  • Maracle, Lee. Ravensong: A Novel. Vancouver, BC: Press Gang Publishers, 1993.
  • Miller, J.R. Shingwauk’s Vision: A History of Native Residential Schools. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 1996.
  • Moran, Bridget. Stoney Creek Woman: The Story of Mary John. Vancouver, BC: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1997.
  • Mosionier, Beatrice Culleton. In Search of April Raintree. Winnipeg, MB: Pemmican, 1999.
  • Regan, Paulette. Unsettling the Settler Within: Indian Residential Schools, Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Canada. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press, 2010.
  • Schissel, Bernard and Terry Wotherspoon. The Legacy of School for Aboriginal People: Education, Oppression, and Emancipation. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Titley, E. Brian. A Narrow Vision: Duncan Campbell Scott and the Administration of Indian Affairs in Canada. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press, 1986.
  • Van Kirk, Sylvia. Many Tender Ties: Women In Fur-Trade Society, 1670–1870. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
  • Wadden, Marie. Where the Pavement Ends: Canada’s Aboriginal Recovery Movement and the Urgent Need for Reconciliation. Toronto, ON: Douglas & McIntyre, 2008.
  • Wagamese, Richard.  Indian Horse.  Toronto, ON: Douglas & McIntyre, 2012.
  • Willis, Jane. Geniesh: An Indian Girlhood. Toronto, ON: New Press, 1973.


  • Wandering Spirit Survival School, Directed by the National Film Board, 1978.
  • The Mission School Syndrome, Directed by Northern Native Broadcasting, 1985
  • Where the Spirit Lives, Directed by Bruce Pittman, CBC, 1989
  • Violation of Trust, Directed by Fifth Estate, CBC, 1991.
  • Sleeping Children Awake. Director Rhonda Karah Hanah. Magic Arrow Productions, 1992, 50 minutes.
  • Beyond the Shadows, Directed by Gryphone Productions Ltd., 1993
  • Kuper Island: Return to the Healing Circle, Directed by National Film Board, 1998
  • Childhood Lost, Directed by Doug Cuthand, 2001.
  • Healing at Lac Ste. Anne. Directed by Cindy Bisaillon. NFB, 2004, 48 minutes.
  • A Day at Indian Residential Schools in Canada, Directed by Indigenous Education Coalition, 2005, 26mins.
  • The Fallen Feather: Indian Industrial Residential Schools Canadian Confederation, Directed by Randy N. Bezeau, 2007.
  • Unrepentent: Kevin Annett and Canada’s Genocide, Directed by Kevin Annett, 2007.
  • Muffins for Granny. Director Nadia McLaren. Mongrel Media, 2007, 88 minutes.
  • Our Spirits Don’t Speak English, Director Chip Richie, 2008
  • Stolen Children, Directed by CBC Learning, 2008.
  • My Own Private Lower Post. Director Duane Gastant Aucoin. T’senaglobe Media Inc., 2008, 32 minutes.
  • The Experimental Eskimos, Directed by Barry Greenwald, 2009.
  • Unseen Tears, Directed by Ron Douglas, 2009.
  • Kakalakkuvik (Where the Children Dwell), Directed by Jobie Weetaluktuk, 2009.
  • Shi-Shi-Etko, Directed by Kate Kroll, 2009.
  • We Were Children, Directed by Tim Wolochatiuk, National Film Board, 2012


  • Highway, Tomson. Dry Lips Oughta Move To Kapuskasing. Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House Publishing, 1989.
  • Highway, Tomson. Kiss of the Fur Queen. Toronto, ON: Doubleday, 1998.
  • Highway, Tomson. The Rez Sisters. Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House Publishing, 1988.
  • Lakevold, Dale and Darrell Racine. Misty Lake: A Play. Winnipeg, MB: Loon Books, 2006.
  • Loring, Kevin. Where the Blood Mixes: A Play. Vancouver, BC: Talon Books, 2009.
  • Loyie, Larry and Vera Manuel. Two Plays About Residential School. Vancouver, BC: Living Traditions, 1998.
  • Moses, Daniel David. Brebeuf’s Ghost. Toronto, ON: Exile Editions, 2000.
  • Simon, Lorne Joseph. Stones and Switches. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 1994.
  • Taylor, Drew Hayden. Toronto at Dreamer’s Rock. Education is Our Right: Two One-Act Plays. Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House Publishers, 1990.


  • Armstrong, Jeannette and Lally Grauer, eds. Native Poetry in Canada: A Contemporary Anthology. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2001.
  • Dumont, Marilyn. A Really Good Brown Girl. London, ON : Brick Books, 1996.
  • Dumont, Marilyn. That Tongued Belonging. Wiarton, ON: Kegedonce Press, 2007.
  • Johnson, Emily Pauline. Flint and Feather. 1912. Reprint, Toronto, ON: Guardian Printing for Chiefswood National Historic Site, 1997.
  • Joe, Rita. Poems of Rita Joe. Halifax, NS: Abanaki Press, 1978.
  • Joe, Rita. Songs of Eskasoni. Charlottetown, PE: Ragweed Press, 1988.
  • Redbird, Duke. Loveshine and Red Wine. Elliot Lake, ON: Woodland Studios Publishing, 1981.
  • Ruffo, Armand Garnet. Opening in the Sky. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 1994.

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