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Background: Ipperwash Inquiry
The Ipperwash Inquiry was established on April 20, 2004, by the Government of Ontario to report on events surrounding the death of Dudley George, who was shot and later died during a protest by First Nations representatives at Ipperwash Provincial Park in 1995. The Honourable Sidney B. Linden was appointed commissioner with the mandate to examine and report on the events surrounding the death of Dudley George and make recommendations aimed at avoiding violence in similar circumstances.
The Report took place in two phases which ran concurrently: the evidentiary hearings that dealt with the events surrounding the death of Dudley George and the Policy and Research part that dealt with the issues directed to the avoidance of violence in similar circumstances. Commissioner Linden delivered his report on May 31, 2007, at an arena near Ipperwash Provincial Park.
When the final report was delivered by Commissioner Linden, there was hope for a new beginning between First Nations and government. The recommendations given by Linden were to be used as a guideline for healing and reconciliation between the two parties. It has been three years since the report was presented and the UOI is working to ensure it is put into action for the benefit of Anishinabe.
Implementing the Recommendations
A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Government of Ontario and the Ontario First Nations Political Confederacy was signed in September 2008. The MOU commits the parties to work collaboratively under the "Ipperwash Inquiry Priorities and Action Committee" (IIPAC) to implement the Ipperwash recommendations
IIPAC includes representatives of First Nation Provincial/Territorial organizations and appropriate Ontario government ministries. Co-chairs are the Ontario Regional Chief and the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs. IIPAC developed four priority areas:
Role of the Union of Ontario Indians
Following the death of Dudley George, the UOI political office supported the lobbying strategy to establish an inquiry into George's death. Once the Inquiry was established, the goal of UOI participation was to develop grassroots recommendations that would lead to the building of healthy relationships between Anishinabek First Nations, government and police services. Three papers were commissioned by the UOI and community consultations were held. As a result, the UOI submitted to the Ipperwash Inquiry three research papers as well as a report based on community consultations. These can be read here:
Anishinabek Perspectives on Resolving Rights Based Issues and Land Claims in Ontario
Anishinabek First Nations Relations with Police and Enforcement Agencies
Anishinabek Perspectives on Roundtable Forums that Support Issue Resolution
Final Report: Ipperwash Inquiry Part II Community Consultations
In addition to research, meeting participation and community engagement, the UOI regularly produces and shares information with Anishinabek First Nation communities and the wider public. Recent submissions to the Anishinabek News can be found below, other resources under Links and Documents.
Ipperwash-related Anishinabek News Submissions:
April Ipperwash Inquiry Update
July-August A History of Treaty Making
October Anishinabek in World War II
November Anishinabek Police Services
January-February Resource Development for First Nations Requires Common Sense
July-August Pipes, Drums Honour Sam's Passing
October Meaning Behind Design
December Ipperwash Cleanup Under Way
March We Are All Treaty People
July-August Ipperwash Report and First Nations Policing
Ipperwash Inquiry Homepage
Ipperwash Picture Tribute (UOI)
Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs: Report of the Ipperwash Inquiry
Amnesty International: Ipperwash Inquiry
Book: One Dead Indian, by Peter Edwards
Ipperwash Curriculum for grades 7 and 8, Indigenous Education Coalition
Facebook Group: Justice for Dudley George
Saskatchewan Office of the Treaty Commissioner
Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba
BC Treaty Commission
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
UOI Ipperwash Resource Booklet 2009
File: Ipperwash booklet final final.pdf
UOI Community Consultations Report 2006
IIPAC Newsletter Summer 2010
Sample of Ipperwash Inquiry Recommendations
UOI Ipperwash Resource Booklet 2011
File: Treaties Matter_Understanding Ipperwash_2011_FINAL.pdf
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